Indian Logic & Argumentation: Selected Bibliography

Compiled by Ralph Dumain

Bandyopadhyay, Nandita. The Concept of Logical Fallacies: Problems of Hetvābhāsa in Navya-Nyāya in the Light of Gaṅgeśa and Raghunātha Śiromaṇi, with a foreword by Satkari Mookerjee. Calcutta: Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar, 1977.

Bapat, Lata S. Buddhist Logic: a Fresh Study of Dharmakīrti's Philosophy. Delhi: Bharatiya Vidya Prakashan, 1989.

Bhatta, V. P. Navya-Nyāya Theory of Verbal Cognition: Critical Study of Gadādhara's Vyutpattivāda, with introduction, English translation, and explanatory notes. Delhi: Eastern Book Linkers, 2001.

Bhattacharyya, Gopikamohan. Navya-nyāya: Some Logical Problems in Historical Perspective. Delhi: Bharatiya Vidya Prakashan, 1978.

Chakrabarti, Kisor Kumar. Classical Indian Philosophy of Induction: The Nyāya Viewpoint. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2010.

Chattopadhyaya, Debiprasad; et al. Language, Logic, and Science in India: Some Conceptual and Historical Perspectives. New Delhi: Project of History of Indian Science, Philosophy, and Culture, 1995.

Dalai, B. K. [Bata Kishor]. Problem of Inherence in Indian Logic. Delhi: Pratibha Prakashan, 2005.

Dikshit , Krishna Kumar [Dixit]. Indian Logic: Its Problems as Treated by Its Schools. Vaishali (Muzaffarpur): Research Institute of Prakrit, Jainology, and Ahimsa, 1975.

Dravid, N. S. [Narayan Shastri]. Paksatā: the Nature of the Inferential Locus: A Psycho-Epistemological Investigation of the Inferential Process. New Delhi: Indian Council of Philosophical Research; distributed by Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, 2007.

Ganeri, Jonardon. Semantic Powers: Meaning and the Means of Knowing in Classical Indian Philosophy. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Gaur, Vibha. The Navya-nyāya Logic: With Special Reference to Raghunātha and Mathurānātha. Delhi: Bharatiya Vidya Prakashan, 1990.

Ghosh, Raghunath. The Justification of Inference: a Navya Nyāya Approach. Delhi: Bharatiya Vidya Prakashan, 1990.

Gorisse, Marie-Hélène. “Logic in the Tradition of Prabhācandra,” in The Oxford Handbook of Indian Philosophy, edited by Jonardon Ganeri. Oxford, UK; New York: Oxford University Press, 2017.

Guha, Dinesh Chandra [Dineśacandra]. Navya Nyāya System of Logic: Some Basic Theories & Techniques. 2nd rev. ed. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1979. (1st ed. 1968.)

Ingalls, Daniel Henry Holmes. Materials for the Study of Navya-Nyāya Logic. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1951.

Kaviraj, Gopinath. The History and Bibliography of Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Literature, edited by Gaurinath Sastri. Varanasi: Sarasvati Bhavana Library, Sampurnanand Sanskrit Vishvavidyalaya, 1982.

Keating, Malcolm. Controversial Reasoning in Indian Philosophy: Major Texts and Arguments on Arthâpatti. New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2020.

Keith, Arthur Berriedale. Indian Logic and Atomism: an Exposition of the Nyāya and Vaiçeṣika Systems. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1921.

Kulakarṇī, Tirumala P.; Joshi, Jaideep. The Language of Logic: Navyanyâya Perspectives. Manipal: Manipal University Press, 2013.

Lobsang Tharchin, Geshe [Sermey Khensur Rinpoche]; et al. The Logic and Debate Tradition of India, Tibet, and Mongolia: History, Reader, Resources. Howell, NJ: Rashi Gempil Ling, 1979.

Matilal, Bimal Krishna. The Character of Logic in India, edited by Jonardon Ganeri and Heeraman Tiwari. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1998.

__________________. The Navya-nyāya Doctrine of Negation: The Semantics and Ontology of Negative Statements in Navya-nyāya Philosophy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1968.

Matilal, Bimal Krishna; Evans, Robert D.; eds. Buddhist Logic and Epistemology: Studies in the Buddhist Analysis of Inference and Language. Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, 1986.

Mukhopadhyay, Pradyot Kumar. The Nyāya Theory of Linguistic Performance: A New Interpretation of Tattvacintāmaṇi. Calcutta: K. P. Bagchi & Co. (for Jadavpur University), 1992.

Mullatti, L. C. The Navya-Nyāya Theory of Inference. Dharwad: Karnatak University, 1977.

Phillips, Stephen H. Classical Indian Metaphysics: Refutations of Realism and the Emergence of "New Logic". Chicago: Open Court, 1995.

Phillips, Stephen H.; Tatacharya, Ramanuja. Gaṅgeśa on the Upādhi, the "Inferential Undercutting Condition": Introduction, Translation, and Explanation. New Delhi: Indian Council of Philosophical Research, 2002.

Randle, H. N. Indian Logic in the Early Schools: A Study of the Nyāyadarśana in Its Relation to the Early Logic of Other Schools. New Delhi: Oriental Books Reprint Corp.: distributed by Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, 1976.

Ratnakīrti. Eleventh-Century Buddhist Logic of Exists. Ratnakīrti's Kṣaṇabhaṅgasiddhiḥ Vyatirekātmika; edited with introduction, translation and notes by A. C. Senape McDermott. Dordrecht: D. Reidel, 1970.

Sarukkai, Sundar; Chakraborty, Mihir Kumar; eds. Handbook of Logical Thought in India. New Delhi: Springer, 2022.

Seaford, Richard. The Origins of Philosophy in Ancient Greece and Ancient India: A Historical Comparison. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2020.

Solomon, Esther A. Indian Dialectics: Methods of Philosophical Discussion. Volume I. Ahmedabad: B.J. Institute of Learning and Research, 1976.

_______________. Indian Dialectics: Methods of Philosophical Discussion. Volume II. Ahmedabad: B.J. Institute of Learning and Research, 1978.

Stcherbatsky, F. Th. [Shcherbatskoĭ, Fedor Ippolitovich]. Buddhist Logic. 2 vols. New York: Dover Publications, 1962.

Vidyabhusana, Satis Chandra. A History of Indian Logic: Ancient, Mediaeval, and Modern Schools. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1971. (Original publication, 1930, 1932.)

Wada, Toshihiro. Invariable Concomitance in Navya-Nyāya. Delhi: Sri Satguru Publications, 1990.

_____________. Navya-Nyāya Philosophy of Language. New Delhi: DK Printworld, 2020.

Wayman, Alex. Millennium of Buddhist Logic. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, 1999.

Articles / Essays / Lectures

Bronkhorst, Johannes. “Why is There Philosophy in India?,” Sixth Gonda lecture, 13 November 1998. Amsterdam: Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1999.

Keating, Malcolm. “In Nyāya philosophy only some debates are worth having,” Psyche, 2 December 2020.

Murphy, Paul Austin. “Jaina Seven-Valued Logic and Contemporary Dialethic Logic,” 7 August 2020.

Sarukkai, Sundar. “Philosophy and Method,” in Mapping Scientific Method: Disciplinary Narrations, edited by Gita Chadha and Renny Thomas (London; New York: Routledge, 2023), pp. 85-103.

See Dumain commentary @ Reason & Society blog.

Vallverdú, Jordi. “Brains, Language and the Argumentative Mind in Western and Eastern Societies. The Fertile Differences Between Western-Eastern Argumentative Traditions,” Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Volume 131, December 2017, pp. 424-431. Preprint.


Plofker, Kim. Mathematics in India. Princeton, NJ; Oxford, UK: Princeton University Press, 2009.

Web sites

Barefoot Philosophers – taking philosophy back (defunct)

Barefoot Philosophers (YouTube)

Note: There are many more books in English alone on the Navya-Nyāya philosophy (which tends to dominate this bibliography and of which logic is but one component), and more books under the rubric of ‘Buddhist philosophy’. Indian logic is covered also in global surveys of the history of logic. Indian philosophy is a huge subject, from which logic is somewhat artificially singled out here. I will mention only one introduction to the subject:

Hamilton, Sue. Indian Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Lokayata by Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya

Science and Philosophy in Ancient India by Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya

Vedanta and the Bengal Renaissance by Niran

Some Loud Thinking About the Bhagavadgita by G. Ramakrishna

What is the Relationship Between Logic and Reality?” by R. Dumain

History of Chinese Logic, Argumentation, & Rhetoric to 1950: Essential Bibliography

Occultism, Eastern Mysticism, Fascism, & Countercultures: Selected Bibliography

 The Verb ‘Be’ and Its Synonyms book series

Argumentation & Controversies: Selected Bibliography

Philosophy of Paraconsistency & Associated Logics (Web Guide)

Irony, Paradox, & Reductio ad Absurdum: Selected Online Sources

Jean van Heijenoort: Essential Books

Susan Haack — An Introductory Guide

Thinking Critically About Critical Thinking: A Guide

Meera Nanda Online

Philosophical Style: Selected Bibliography

Philosophy of History of Philosophy & Historiography of Philosophy: Selected Bibliography

Diversity, Intercultural & Comparative Philosophy in the Historiography of Philosophy:
A Guide

Home Page | Site Map | What's New | Coming Attractions | Book News
Bibliography | Mini-Bibliographies | Study Guides | Special Sections
My Writings | Other Authors' Texts | Philosophical Quotations
Blogs | Images & Sounds | External Links

CONTACT Ralph Dumain

Uploaded 21 December 2020
Mathematics added 8 December 2023
Last update 20 March 2024
Previous update 8 December 2023

©2020-2024 Ralph Dumain