Diversity, Intercultural & Comparative Philosophy
in the Historiography of Philosophy:
A Guide

Compiled by Ralph Dumain

Web sites

The Deviant Philosopher

Diversity Reading List (in philosophy)

Fokt, Simon. “There Is Nothing More Philosophical Than Diversity,” The Philosophers’ Magazine, 29 May 2021.

History of Philosophy without any gaps

Readings on the Less Commonly Taught Philosophies (LCTP)

Barefoot Philosophers – taking philosophy back (India)

History of Women Philosophers and Scientists

Encyclopedia of Concise Concepts by Women Philosophers

Jones, Josh. The Encyclopedia of Women Philosophers: A New Web Site Presents the Contributions of Women Philosophers, from Ancient to Modern, Open Culture, June 21, 2018.

Journal of the History of Women Philosophers and Scientists

Project Vox

Halliday, Ayun. The Contributions of Women Philosophers Recovered by the New Project Vox Website, Open Culture, April 14, 2015.

Feminist Philosophy Archive Directory

Society for the Study of Women Philosophers [inactive]

Intercultural & Comparative Philosophy

The Columbia Society for Comparative Philosophy

ODIP: Online Dictionary of Intercultural Philosophy

Links and Resources

Confluence: Online Journal of World Philosophies

inter.culture.philosophy. | Journal for Philosophy and its Cultural Context

inter.culture.philosophy. No. 1, 2014

inter.culture.philosophy no. 2/2015

European Network of Japanese Philosophy


World Congress of Philosophy

World Congress of Philosophy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

World Congress of Philosophy Collection (Philosophy Documentation Center)

The Paideia Project: Proceedings of the 20th World Congress of Philosophy
Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, Boston, Massachusetts U.S.A., 10-15 August 1998

The Paideia Archive

Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy

Welcome to the XXV World Congress of Philosophy (Rome, 1-8 August 2024): Philosophy across Boundaries

Mapping Philosophy


Visualization of Historical Knowledge Structures: An Analysis of the Bibliography of Philosophy by Chris Alen Sula & Will Dean


World philosophies, completism, pluralism, diversity, multiculturalism, comparative philosophy

Ambrogio, Selusi. Chinese and Indian Ways of Thinking in Early Modern European Philosophy: The Reception and the Exclusion. London; New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2020. (Bloomsbury Studies in World Philosophies)

Beyond Orientalism: The Work of Wilhelm Halbfass and its Impact on Indian and Cross-Cultural Studies, edited by Eli Franco & Karin Preisendanz. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, 2007.

Chinese Thought as Global Theory: Diversifying Knowledge Production in the Social Sciences and Humanities, edited by Leigh Jenco. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2016. (SUNY series in Chinese Philosophy and Culture)

A Companion to World Philosophies, edited by Eliot Deutsch and Ron Bontenko. Malden, MA; Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers Ltd, 1997.

Key Concepts in World Philosophies: A Toolkit for Philosophers, edited by Sarah Flavel and Chiara Robbiano. London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2023.

Pluralizing Philosophy’s Past: New Reflections in the History of Philosophy, edited by Amber L. Griffioen & Marius Backmann. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2023.

Reding, Jean-Paul. Comparative Essays in Early Greek and Chinese Rational Thinking. Aldershot, Hants, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2004.

Seaford, Richard. The Origins of Philosophy in Ancient Greece and Ancient India: A Historical Comparison. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2020.

Van Norden, Bryan W. Taking Back Philosophy: A Multicultural Manifesto. New York: Columbia University Press, 2017.

An Excerpt from Taking Back Philosophy: A Multicultural Manifesto, Blog of the American Philosophical Association (APA), November 26, 2018.

What Is Intercultural Philosophy?, edited by William Sweet. Washington, DC: Council for Research in Values and Philosophy, 2014. (Cultural Heritage and Contemporary Change. Series I, Culture and values; vol. 44)

Women in philosophy

Bertrand Russell, Feminism, and Women Philosophers in his Circle, edited by Landon D. C. Elkind & Alexander Mugar Klein. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2024. (History of Analytic Philosophy)

Editors’ Introduction / Landon D. C. Elkind and Alexander Mugar Klein 1
A Moral and Intellectual Evaluation of Russell’s Romantic/Sexual Practices / Gülberk Koç Maclean 11
Bertrand and Dora Russell on Sex, Marriage and the Rule of Fathers / Sophia Connell 37
Sex, Suffrage, and Marriage: Russell and Feminism / Allauren Samantha Forbes 83
Alice Ambrose and Women’s Work in the Foundations Debate at the University of Cambridge, 1932–1937 / David Loner 115
Alice Ambrose and Margaret MacDonald: Two Women Who Challenged Bertrand Russell on Ordinary Language / Siobhan Chapman 161

Buxton, Rebecca; Whiting, Lisa. The Philosopher Queens: the Lives and Legacies of Philosophy's Unsung Women. Unbound, 2020.

Early Modern Women on Metaphysics, edited by Emily Thomas. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2018.

Janssen-Lauret, Frederique. The Grandmothers of Analytic Philosophy: The Formal and Philosophical Logic of Christine Ladd-Franklin and Constance Jones (2002). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press (Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, forthcoming; Online Open Source).

Harth, Erica. Cartesian Women: Versions and Subversions of Rational Discourse in the Old Regime. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1992.

A History of Women Philosophers, edited by Mary Ellen Waithe. 4 vols. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers / Springer, 1987-1995.

Volume 1. Ancient Women Philosophers, 600 B.C. - 500 A.D. (1987)
Volume 2. Medieval, Renaissance and Enlightenment Women Philosophers, A.D. 500–1600 (1991)
Volume 3. Modern Women Philosophers, 1600–1900 (1991)
Volume 4. Contemporary Women Philosophers, 1900-Today (1995)

Knowledge, Mind and Reality: An Introduction by Early Twentieth-Century American Women Philosophers, edited by Joel Katzav, Krist Vaesen, Dorothy Rogers. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2023. (Women in the History of Philosophy and Sciences; 18)

Latin American Perspectives on Women Philosophers in Modern History, edited by Christine Lopes, Pedro Pricladnitzky, Katarina Ribeiro Peixoto. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2022. (Women in the History of Philosophy and Sciences; 13)

Mac Cumhaill, Clare; Wiseman, Rachael. Metaphysical Animals: How Four Women Brought Philosophy Back to Life. London: Chatto & Windus, 2022.

Methodological Reflections on Women’s Contribution and Influence in the History of Philosophy, edited by Sigridur Thorgeirsdottir & Ruth Edith Hagengruber. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2020. (Women in the History of Philosophy and Sciences; 3)

Oxford Handbook of British and American Women Philosophers in the Nineteenth Century, edited by Lydia Moland and Alison Stone. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2023.

Warren, Karen. An Unconventional History of Western Philosophy: Conversations Between Men and Women Philosophers. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2009.

Women in the History of Analytic Philosophy: Selected Papers of the Tilburg–Groningen Conference, edited by Jeanne Peijnenburg and Sander Verhaegh. Cham: Springer, 2022. (Women in the History of Philosophy and Sciences; volume 15) 

The Lost Women of Early Analytic Philosophy,” Aeon.

Women Philosophers in the Long Nineteenth Century: The German Tradition, edited by Dalia Nassar and Kristin Gjesdal. Oxford University Press, 2021.

Gjesdal, Kristin. A rescue mission on behalf of women philosophers, Aeon Essays, 24 May 2022.


Connell, Sophia. “The Lost Women of Early Analytic Philosophy,” Blog of the American Philosophical Association (APA), September 7, 2022.

Garvey , James. Editorial: Diversify the Discipline, The Philosophers’ Magazine, issue 93, 2nd Quarter 2021, p. 5. Table of Contents.

Gryntaki, Gelly. “Margaret Cavendish: Being a Female Philosopher in the 17th Century,” The Collector, July 24, 2021.

Liao, Shen-yi. “Diverse Philosophies: (What) Are They? (What) Do We Want Them To Be?The Philosophers’ Magazine, 28 May 2021.

Soviet historiography of philosophy

Lysenko, Victoria G. “Comparative Philosophy in the Soviet Union,” Philosophy East and West, vol. 42, no. 2, April 1992, pp. 309-326.

Lysenko, Viktoria. “Comparative Philosophy or Intercultural Philosophy? The Case of the Russian Buddhologist Theodor Stcherbatsky,” in What Is Intercultural Philosophy?, edited by William Sweet (Washington, DC: Council for Research in Values and Philosophy, 2014), pp. 165-179.

Victoria Lysenko (academia.edu) & Viktoria Lysenko (web site)

Mjør, Kåre Johan. “Provincialising Europe? Soviet Historiography of Philosophy and the Question of Eurocentrism,” Rivista di storia della filosofia, issue 2 / 2018, pp. 277-293.

Zweerde, Evert van der. “Soviet Theory of the History of Philosophy as Capstone of Soviet Philosophical Culture,” Rivista di storia della filosofia, issue 2 / 2018, pp. 357-371.

On this site

Bibliographies & web guides



Most specific topics—African, Africana, Chinese, Indian, Soviet philosophies—are covered elsewhere on this site. This guide focuses on general resources and issues regarding diversity and inclusion in the philosophical enterprise.

A distinction should first of all be made between the factual inclusion of diverse schools of thought, national and civilizational traditions, marginalized populations (women, ethnicities and nationalities, etc.) not generally included in one’s institutional milieu and its canons under the rubric of ‘philosophy’, and the evaluation of these prospective sources—with skepticism concerning the ideological underpinnings of inclusion, diversity, pluralism, multiculturalism.

There is a non-pedantic concern about genre to explore: what is considered as not only having philosophical content but classifiable as ‘philosophy’ proper, the more general history of ideas, literature, myth, religion, occultism, mysticism, etc. And there is the question of not only of what is worthy of documentation but of what ideas are worthy of being adopted. Eurocentrism is one thing; vacuous generalizations about ‘Western philosophy’ and purported alternatives is another. Much of what is now being promoted as worthy feminist, Africana, and ethno- philosophies (some of which are arbitrary contemporary concoctions), promotes retrograde, obscurantist, supernaturalist, particularist, relativist, or other irrationalist world views. The de facto exclusions being perpetuated and the categories on which they are based are provincial institutional constraints that vary according to national and linguistic settings. The fraudulent taxonomy of analytical and continental philosophy as fundamental categories already distorts the historical record and the mapping of philosophical orientations. Pluralism is also an ideology. Inclusiveness is first of all addressing the entire historical record; anything beyond that is a matter for debate.

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Uploaded 2 April 2023
Last update 28 February 2024
Previous update 14 January 2024

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