of History of Philosophy
& Historiography of Philosophy:
compiled by Ralph Dumain
LINKS ON THIS SITE
Philosophy and the
History of Philosophy (quotes)
by Jonathan Rée
Source: Rée, Jonathan; Ayers, Michael; Westoby, Adam. Philosophy and its Past. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1978. (Philosophy Now)
Sigfried Kracauer on History and Non-Simultaneity
Frames of Articulation by Frithjof Rodi
Levi, Albert William. Philosophy as Social Expression. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974. See Descartes' Dualism (Extract from Chapter 4) & "Philosophy's Historic Fate: Museum Pieces, Messages, and Classics" (Chapter 6, Conclusion).
Hegel's Method of Doing Philosophy Historically: A Reply by James Lawler & Vladimir Shtinov
System and History in
Philosophy: A Review
by Ralph Dumain
(Peperzak, Adriaan Theodoor. System and History in Philosophy: On the Unity of Thought and Time, Text and Explanation, Solitude and Dialogue, Rhetoric and Truth in the Practice of Philosophy and its History)
Dialectical Materialism and Hegel's Philosophy of the History of Philosophy by Theodore Oizerman
Dialectical Materialism and the History of Philosophy: Essays on the History of Philosophy by Theodore Oizerman
The Main Trends in Philosophy: A Theoretical Analysis of the History of Philosophy by T.I Oizerman
Problems of the History of Philosophy by Theodore Oizerman
Principles of the Theory of Historical Process in Philosophy by T.I Oizerman & A.S. Bogomolov
Principles of the Theory of Historical Process in Philosophy by T.I Oizerman & A.S. Bogomolov, review by R. Dumain
Problems of the History of Philosophy by Theodore Oizerman, reviewed by Ralph Dumain
Soviet Historiography of Philosophy: Review Essay by Ralph Dumain
Marx's Notebooks on Epicurean Philosophy (Extracts on Total Philosophy, Praxis, Historiography)
Hegel & Me by Ralph Dumain
"Philosophy and Literature: Relationships of Genres and the Frontiers of Thought" by Ralph Dumain
Argumentation & Controversies: Selected Bibliography
Biographical and Psychological Dimensions of Philosophy: Selected Bibliography
Philosophy for the 21st Century: A Provincial Bibliography
INTELLECTUAL LIFE IN
SOCIETY, CONVENTIONAL AND UNCONVENTIONAL: A BIBLIOGRAPHY IN PROGRESS
PHILOSOPHY AND THE DIVISION OF LABOR
HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY: SPECIAL PERSPECTIVES
(See also study guides & mini-bibliographies)
ESSAYS ON OTHER SITES
Contextualism of Philosophy
[Published in Martin Kusch (ed.), The Sociology of Philosophical Knowledge, Kluwer: Dordrecht/Boston/London 2000 (New Synthese Historical Library; 48), 179-191.]
Pluralism and Paraconsistency: From Orientative to Multi-level Pluralism
M.E. Orellana Benado, Andrés Bobenrieth, Carlos Verdugo
Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile
ABSTRACT: In a famous passage, Kant claimed that controversy and the lack of agreement in metaphysics—here understood as philosophy as a whole—was a ‘scandal.’ Attempting to motivate his critique of pure reason, a project aimed at both ending the scandal and setting philosophy on the ‘secure path of science,’ Kant endorsed the view that for as long as disagreement reigned sovereign in philosophy, there would be little to be learned from it as a science. The success of philosophy begins when controversy ends and culminates when the discipline itself as it has been known disappears. On the other hand, particularly in the second half of the twentieth century, many have despaired of the very possibility of philosophy constituting the search for truth, that is to say, a cognitive human activity, and constituting thus a source of knowledge. This paper seeks to sketch a research program that is motivated by an intuition that opposes both of these views.
Oizerman, T. I. "The Problem of the Scientific Philosophical World-Outlook," in Philosophy in the USSR: Problems of Dialectical Materialism, translated from the Russian by Robert Daglish (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1977), pp. 22-42.
Read, Jason. "The Althusser Effect: Philosophy, History, and Temporality," borderlands e-journal, volume 4 number 2, 2005.
BIBLIOGRAPHIES ON OTHER SITES
Lawn, Chris. The Philosophy of the History of Philosophy Bibliography, March 3, 2007.
Catana, Leo. The Historiographical Concept ‘System of Philosophy’: Its Origin, Nature, Influence and Legitimacy. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2008. (Brill's Studies in Intellectual History; 165)
Cohen, Avner; Dascal, Marcelo; eds. The Institution of Philosophy: A Discipline in Crisis? La Salle, IL: Open Court, 1989. For my commentary see Marcelo Dascal – Studies in a Dying Culture blog.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
NOTES ON THE CONTRIBUTORS ix
PART I: PHILOSOPHY: SELF IDENTITY QUESTIONED 
1. Richard Rorty: Philosophy as Science, as Metaphor, and as Politics 
2. Hector-Neri Castañeda: Philosophy as a Science and as a Worldview 
3. Hilary Putnam: Why is a Philosopher? 
4. A. J. Mandt: The Inevitability of Pluralism: Philosophical Practice and Philosophical Excellence 
PART II: PHILOSOPHY: INTERPRETING THE CRISIS 
5. Avner Cohen: The 'End-of-Philosophy': An Anatomy of a Cross-Purpose Debate 
6. David M. Rosenthal: Philosophy and its History 
7. Mark Okrent: The Metaphilosophical Consequences of Pragmatism 
8. Carlin Romano: The Illegality of Philosophy 
9. Marcelo Dascal: Reflections on the 'Crisis of Modernity' 
PART III: PHILOSOPHY: WHAT NEXT? 
10. Joseph Margolis: Radical Philosophy and Radical History 
11. Amelle Oksenberg Rorty: Socrates and Sophia Perform the Philosophical Turn 
12. Nancy Fraser and Linda Nicholson: Social Criticism Without Philosophy: An Encounter Between Feminism and Postmodernism 
13. H. Redner: Ethics in Unethical Times - Towards a Sociology of Ethics 
NAME INDEX 
Collins, Randall. The Sociology of Philosophies: A Global Theory of Intellectual Change. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1998. (Paperback ed., 2000.)
Cook, Patricia, ed. Philosophical Imagination and Cultural Memory: Appropriating Historical Traditions, Durham: Duke University Press, 1993.
PART I PHILOSOPHY AND CULTURAL MEMORY
Traditions and Transitions 21
Donald Phillip Verene
Two Sources of Philosophical Memory: Vico Versus Hegel 40
PART II PHILOSOPHICAL IMAGINATION AND
THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY
Are Philosophical Problems Insoluble? The Relevance of
System and History 65
J. B. Schneewind
Modern Moral Philosophy: From Beginning to End? 83
George R. Lucas, Jr.
Refutation, Narrative, and Engagement: Three Conceptions of the History of Philosophy 104
PART III PERSPECTIVES ON THE SIGNIFICANCE
OF CULTURAL MEMORY
Arthur C. Danto
The Shape of Artistic Pasts: East and West 125
Lynn S. Joy
Humanism and the Problem of Traditions in Seventeenth-Century
Natural Philosophy 139
Robert Cummings Neville
The Symbiotic Relation of Philosophy and Theology 149
PART IV CULTURAL MEMORY AND TEXTUAL INTERPRETATION
Eva T H. Brann
The Six Silences of a Grecian Urn 167
George L. Kline
Changing Russian Assessments of Spinoza and
Their German Sources, 1796-1862 176
John S. Rickard
Tradition and Intertextual Memory in James Joyce's Ulysses 195
Plato's Quarrel with the Poets 212
Selected Bibliography 227
Dauenhauer, Bernard P., ed. At the Nexus of Philosophy and History. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1987.
Bernard P. Dauenhauer ix
PART 1 Historical Aspects of Philosophical Thought
History, Philosophy, and the Question of Relativism
Richard Bernstein 3
Philosophy and Its History
Louis Dupré 20
Can Philosophy Have a Rational History?
Richard Dien Winfield 42
Logic and History
Bowman Clarke 58
Philosophical Problems and Historical Solutions
Nancy Streuver 73
PART 2 On History and Its Uses
The Place of History in Nietzsche's Thought
Ofelia Schutte 97
Bertrand Russell on History: The Theory and Practice of a Moral Science
Kirk Willis 116
Two New Histories: An Exploratory Comparison
Ernst Breisach 138
History's Point and Subject Matter: A Proposal
Bernard P. Dauenhauer 157
Michel Foucault and the Career of the Historical Event
Thomas R. Flynn 178
Habermas and History: The Institutionalization of Discourse as Historical Project
A. Anthony Smith 201
The Contributors 223
Foucault, Michel. The Archaeology of Knowledge (1969), translated by A.M. Sheridan Smith. London: Tavistock Publications; New York: Pantheon Books, 1972; London; New York: Routledge, 2002. Contents. Introduction. Chapters 1-3.
Gracia, Jorge J. E. Philosophy and Its History: Issues in Philosophical Historiography. Albany: SUNY Press, 1992.
ABSTRACT: This is a systematic and comprehensive treatment of philosophical historiography. It deals with the relation of philosophy to its history, the role of value judgments in historical accounts, the value of the history of philosophy for philosophy, the nature and role of texts and their interpretation in the history of philosophy, historiographical method, and the stages of development of philosophical progress. It defends two main theses: first, the history of philosophy must be done philosophically; second, one way to bring a rapprochement between Anglo-American and Continental philosophy is through the study of the history of philosophy and its historiography.
Hare, Peter H., ed. Doing Philosophy Historically. Buffalo: Prometheus, 1988.
ABSTRACT: The conference whose proceedings make up this volume was organized in the belief that an increasing number of philosophers recognize that "doing philosophy historically" is possible, i.e., that it is possible for a philosopher at once to contribute to the solution of current philosophical problems and to the history of thought. the volume consists of an introduction, and essays and commentaries in seven parts by twenty-eight philosophers: I, Raising The Issues; II, Ancient Philosophy; III, Descartes; IV, Kant; V, Hegel; VI, The Scottish commonsense tradition; and VII, Recent American And European Philosophy.
Some essays of note:
Rée, Jonathan. "History, Philosophy, and Interpretation: Some Reactions to Jonathan Bennett's Study of Spinoza's Ethics", in Doing Philosophy Historically, ed. Peter H. Hare (Buffalo, N.Y., Prometheus Books, 1988), 44-61.
Schmitz, Kenneth. "Why Philosophy Must Have a History: Hegel's Proposal," in Doing Philosophy Historically, ed. Peter H. Hare (Buffalo, N.Y., Prometheus Books, 1988), 251-266.
Hegel's Method of Doing Philosophy Historically: A Reply by James Lawler & Vladimir Shtinov.
Rodi, Frithjof. "Historical Philosophy in Search of 'Frames of Articulation'," in: Doing Philosophy Historically, edited by Peter H. Hare (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1988), pp. 329-340. This section, pp. 332-335:
Frames of Articulation
Holland, A.J., ed. Philosophy, Its History and Historiography. Dordrecht, Holland; Boston: D. Reidel Pub. Co.; Hingham, MA: Sold and distributed in the U.S.A. and Canada by Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1985.
Knuuttila, Simo; Niiniluoto, Ilkka; eds. Methods of Philosophy and the History of Philosophy. [Proceedings of the Entretiens of Institut International de Philosophie. Helsinki, August 27–30, 1995] Helsinki: The Philosophical Society of Finland (Acta Philosophica Fennica; 61), 1996.
Jacquette, Dale, ed. Philosophy, Psychology and Psychologism: Critical and Historical Readings on the Psychological Turn in Philosophy. New York; Boston; Dordrecht; London; Moscow: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003. (Philosophical Studies Series; 91)
Kusch, Martin. Psychologism: A Case Study in the Sociology of Philosophical Knowledge. London; New York: Routledge, 1995. Four Appendices to Psychologism (1995). See also psychologism @ Studies in a Dying Culture.
Hanna, Robert. Review of Psychologism: A Case Study in the Sociology of Philosophical Knowledge by Martin Kusch (London: Routledge, 1995), Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 57, no.4 (December 1997): 961-964.
Kusch, Martin, ed. The Sociology of Philosophical Knowledge. Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000. (New Synthese Historical Library; 48)
Lavine, T .Z.; Tejera, V.; eds. History and Anti-History in Philosophy. Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1989. (Nijhoff International Philosophy series; v. 34)
Lawn, Chris. The Philosophy of the History of Philosophy. Acumen, 2008 (forthcoming).
Models of the History of Philosophy: Volume 1: From Its Origins in the Renaissance to the 'Historia Philosophica', edited by Francesco Bottin, Giovanni Santinello, C. W. T. Blackwell, Philip Weller. Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993. (Archives internationales d’histoire des idées; 135.)
Oizerman, Theodore. Problems of the History of Philosophy, translated from the Russian by Robert Daglish. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1973.
Peperzak, Adriaan Theodoor. System and History in Philosophy: On the Unity of Thought and Time, Text and Explanation, Solitude and Dialogue, Rhetoric and Truth in the Practice of Philosophy and its History. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1986. (SUNY Series in Contemporary Continental Philosophy)
Rorty, Richard; Schneewind, J.B.; Skinner, Quentin; eds. Philosophy in History: Essays on the Historiography of Philosophy. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984.
Schneewind, J. B., ed. Teaching New Histories of Philosophy: Proceedings of a Conference, University Center for Human Values, Princeton University, April 4-6, 2003. Princeton, NJ: University Center for Human Values, Princeton University, 2004. Contents.
Sorell, Tom; Rogers, G.A.J.; eds. Analytic Philosophy and History of Philosophy. Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, June 2005.
Introduction, Tom Sorell
1. The Philosopher's History and the History of Philosophy, Anthony Kenny
2. Why Should Analytic Philosophers Do History of Philosophy?, John Cottingham
3. On Saying No to the History of Philosophy, Tom Sorell
4. Is the History of Philosophy Good for Philosophy?, Catherine Wilson
5. The History of Philosophy as Philosophy, Gary Hatfield
6. What's Philosophical About the History of Philosphy?, Daniel Garber
7. The Ideology of Context: Uses and Abuses of Context in the Historiography of Philosophy, Yves Charles Zarka
8. Locke, Therapy, and Analysis, G. A. J. Rogers
9. Richard Burthogge and the Origins of Modern Conceptualism, M. R. Ayers
10. Hope, Fear, and the Politics of Immortality, Steven Nadler
Thro, Linus J., ed. History of Philosophy in the Making: A Symposium of Essays to Honor Professor James D. Collins on his 65th Birthday. Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1982.
Catana, Leo . "The Concept 'System of Philosophy': The Case of Jacob Brucker's Historiography of Philosophy," History and Theory, vol. 44 (2005), pp. 72-90.
Catana, Leo . "Lovejoy's Readings of Bruno: Or How Nineteenth-Century History of Philosophy Was ‘Transformed’ into the History of Ideas," Journal of the History of Ideas, vol. 70, no. 1, January 2010, pp. 89-110.
Frede, Michael. "The History of Philosophy as a Discipline", Journal of Philosophy, vol. 85, no. 11, Nov. 1988: 666-672.
Garrett, Don. "Philosophy and History in the History of Modern Philosophy," in The Future for Philosophy, edited by Brian Leiter (Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 2004), pp. 44-73.
Graham, Gordon. "Can There Be History of Philosophy?", History and Theory, 21 (Fall 1982): 37-52.
ABSTRACT: This article considers the arguments of Collingwood and others that philosophical inquiry must have a historical dimension and concludes that none of them is satisfactory. It is claimed further, that there is a plain sense in which philosophical issues are atemporal such that history of philosophy strictly understood is impossible.
Kail, P.J.E. "History's Back in the Past," The Philosophers' Magazine, issue 39, 3rd quarter, 2007, pp. 68-69.
Kristeller, Paul Oskar. "Philosophy and Its Historiography," Journal of Philosophy, v. 82, no. 11, Nov 1985, 618-625.
Kuntz, Paul G. “The Dialectic of Historicism and Anti-Historicism,” Monist, 53, October 1969, 656-669.
ABSTRACT: Can the dilemma of history and philosophy be escaped? Must we choose to be either historians or philosophers, and must a work be history or philosophy, but not both? I believe that the dilemma can be escaped and that a work may be the better for being both, but keeping scrupulously clear when we are doing one and when the other. We can conceive of two tasks, "the first is mainly historical, while the second is mainly philosophical." the first sort of question, of influence, development and the causes of ideas, can be answered only from historical knowledge of events. The second approach is a philosophic approach. We are discovering, without regard to dates and influences, the great types of possible philosophies. Our study here is how the system itself is articulated, and we seek to understand how "we shall ourselves acquire knowledge of important philosophical truths." The contrast then between a historical approach and a philosophic approach is that between a causal explanation of how a philosophy comes to be and an enquiry into a philosophy's meaning and truth.
Lawn, Chris. "Rewriting History," The Philosophers' Magazine, issue 38, 2nd quarter, 2007, pp. 34-37.
Mandelbaum, Maurice. "The History of Ideas, Intellectual History, and the History of Philosophy," History and Theory, Beihaft 5 (1965): 33-66.Mandelbaum, Maurice. "The History of Philosophy: Some Methodological Issues," Journal of Philosophy, O 77; 74: 561-572. Reprinted with postnote in Mandelbaum, Philosophy, History, and the Sciences: Selected Critical Essays (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1984), pp. 120-130.
ABSTRACT: The question of who is to count as a philosopher is claimed to be an important methodological issue for historians of philosophy. the answer proposed leads to a discussion of the difference between philosophic criticism and innovative "primary beliefs," both of which must be taken into account by historians of philosophy. Attention is given to various implications of the notion of primary beliefs. finally, it is pointed out why one should not expect that the history of philosophy will ever be adequately comprehended as Hegel and others have sought to comprehend it, as a single, developing whole.
Mandelbaum, Maurice. "On the Historiography of Philosophy," Philosophy Research Archives, 1976; 2: no. 1150.
ABSTRACT: Histories of philosophy represent a relatively new form of historical study, and some observations are made concerning the changes in style that they have undergone. a crucial question for the historian of philosophy is "who is to count as a philosopher?" an answer to this question is suggested. The question of the extent to which historians falsify the doctrines of individual philosophers by viewing them in terms of their predecessors and successors is then raised. In the second section of the paper, monistic views of social and cultural life are rejected, and a pluralistic approach is developed. This approach, it is contended, allows for emphasis on both originality and continuity in philosophic thought, and shows how philosophy is related to its social and cultural milieu without losing its identity.
Martinich, A. P. "Philosophical History of Philosophy", Journal of the History of Philosophy, vol. 41, no. 3, 2003: 405-407.
Nagel, Ernest. "Impressions and Appraisals of Analytic Philosophy in Europe," The Journal of Philosophy, vol. 33 (1936), no. 1, pp. 5-24 & no. 2, pp. 29-53.
Osler, Margaret J. "The History of Philosophy and the History of Philosophy: A Plea for Textual History in Context", Journal of the History of Philosophy, vol. 40, no. 4, 2002: 529-533
ABSTRACT: There are at least three ways to write the history of philosophy. Some historians of philosophy emphasize the context and development of ideas, concentrating on the intellectual, social, and personal factors that affect the way philosophers have thought about their subject. Some contextualists limit their accounts to intellectual factors. Others take account of broad social and cultural factors as well. Analytic philosophers take a critical approach, considering the logic and merit of the arguments of past philosophers almost as though they are engaging in contemporary debates. Others use the ideas of historical figures to support their own philosophical agendas. I examine the merits and difficulties of developing a truly contextualized approach to the history of philosophy by using the writings of the French philosopher, Pierre Gassendi (1592-1655), as an example.
"Philosophy and the History of Philosophy," special issue of The Monist, vol. 53, no. 4, October 1969.
Popkin, Richard H "Philosophy and the History of Philosophy," Journal of Philosophy, N 85; 82: 625-632.
Powers, Lawrence H. "On Philosophy and Its History," Philosophical Studies, 50, 1 (July 1986): 1-38.
"The Role of History in and for Philosophy," special issue of Synthese, vol. 67, no. 1, April 1986.
Rosenthal, David M. "Philosophy and Its History", in: The Institution of Philosophy: A Discipline in Crisis? edited by Avner Cohen & Marcelo Dascal (La Salle, IL: Open Court, 1989), pp. 141-176.
Sluga, Hans. "What Has History to Do With Me? Wittgenstein and Analytic Philosophy," Inquiry, vol. 41, 1998, pp. 99-121.
Review discussion centering on Peter Hacker's Wittgenstein's Place in Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy (Oxford: Blackwell, 1996). Critical of Hacker's British and Wittgensteinian bias in the historical evaluation of analytical philosophy. Also deals with general historiographical concerns in the history of ideas (cf. Foucault, above), the history of the category "analytical philosophy", and analytical philosophy's belated coming to grips with its ahistorical perspective (which might have actually been related to its international character) and its own history. (See also Nagel, above.) (RD)
Watson, Richard A. "What Is the History of Philosophy and Why Is It Important?", Journal of the History of Philosophy, vol. 40, no. 4, 2002: 525-528.
Zambelli, Paola. "From the Quaestiones to the Essais: On the Autonomy and Methods of the History of Philosophy," in: Science, Politics, and Social Practice: Essays on Marxism and Science, Philosophy of Culture and the Social Sciences: In Honor of Robert S. Cohen, edited by Kostas Gavroglu, John Stachel, Marx W. Wartofsky (Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995), pp. 373-390. (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science; v. 164)
MORE ON G.W.F. HEGEL
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. Lectures on the History of Philosophy; translated by E.S. Haldane; introduction to the Bison Book Edition by Frederick C. Beiser. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1995. 3 vols.
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. Introduction to the Lectures on the History of Philosophy, translated by T.M. Knox and A.V. Miller. Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. Lectures on the History of Philosophy: The Lectures of 1825-1826; edited by Robert F. Brown; translated by R.F. Brown and J.M. Stewart with the assistance of H.S. Harris. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990- .
Lauer, Quentin. Hegel's Idea of Philosophy with a New Translation of Hegel's Introduction to the History of Philosophy. 2nd ed. New York: Fordham University Press, 1983.
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. On Art, Religion, and the History of Philosophy: Introductory Lectures; edited and with a foreword by J. Glenn Gray; introduction by Tom Rockmore. Indianapolis: Hackett Pub., 1997. (Originally published: On Art, Religion, Philosophy. New York: Harper & Row, 1970.)
Hegel and the History of Philosophy: Proceedings of the 1972 Hegel Society of America Conference, edited by Joseph J. O'Malley, K.W. Algozin, Frederick G. Weiss. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1974.
The first three essays are on Hegel's conception of the history of philosophy in general:
I. "The Pilgrimage of Truth through Time : The Conception of the History of Philosophy in G.W.F. Hegel"
A. Robert Caponigri, University of Notre Dame I
II. "Hegel as Historian of Philosophy"
Quentin Lauer, S.J., Fordham University 21
III. "The History of Philosophy and the Phenomenology of Spirit"
Joseph C. Flay, The Pennsylvania State University 47-61
Hegel's History of Philosophy: New Interpretations, edited by David A. Duquette. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2003.
Barata-Moura, José. "History of Philosophy, Philosophy of History, and Ontology in Hegel's Thought," Nature, Society, and Thought. 1996; 9(3): 297-309.
ABSTRACT: It is shown how, in Hegel's term, the history of philosophy returns to a philosophy of history as the thought of what arrives and perfects itself in the trials of time. An ontology is, therefore, opened in which that which is, that which is in process, is the mind, is reason. Despite all the idealism of Hegel, his philosophy, reworked, becomes, perhaps, capable of inspiring new itineraries upon which to embark in our historical horizon. Contemporary materialism cannot do without dialectics.
(7/29/2004; rev. 8/7/2004, 8/14/2004, 10/3/2004, 1/26/2005, 3/9/2005, 3/8/2006, 4/21/2006, 7/26/2006, 11/11/2006, 5/2/07, 10/15/07, 12/5/07, 6/22/08, 8/5/09, 3/30/10, 4/25/13, 2/10/14, 4/29/14, 5/13/14, 2/1/15, 2/4/17)
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