Philosophy and the Division of Labor:
Selected Bibliography

compiled by Ralph Dumain

“The division of labor is, first of all, the prohibition of access to the totality.”
             — François George, “Forgetting Lenin,” Telos, no. 18, Winter 1973-74, p. 59

"The division of labour is first and foremost the prevention of access to the totality."
             — Robert M. Young, Darwin's Metaphor: Nature's Place in Victorian Culture (1985)

Adorno, Theodor. Imaginative Excesses, unpublished piece intended for Minima Moralia, published as a section X of "Messages in a Bottle," translated by Edmund Jephcott (New Left Review I/200, July-August 1993, pp. 5-14). Section X comprises pp. 12-14, key excerpt pp. 13-14 on this site.

Adorno, Theodor. Minima Moralia, trans. E.F.N. Jephcott (London: Verso, 1978), section 41, "Inside and Outside", pp. 66-68.

Adorno, Theodor W. Negative Dialectics. Translated by E.B. Ashton. New York: The Seabury Press, 1973.

Adorno, Theodor W. “Progress,” in Critical Models: Interventions and Catchwords, translated by Henry W. Pickford (New York: Columbia University Press, 1998), pp. 143-160. See excerpt, pp. 158-159.

Adorno, Theodor W. "Why Still Philosophy?" in Critical Models: Interventions and Catchwords, translated by Henry W. Pickford (New York: Columbia University Press, 1998), pp. 5-17.

Bard-Rosenberg, Jacob. “Adorno’s Essay on Ideology: A Commentary in Three Parts,” Selva: A Journal of the History of Art, 4 (Fall 2022), pp. 34-52.

Beamish, Rob. Marx, Method, and the Division of Labor. Urbana; Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1992.

Connell, Philip. Romanticism, Economics and the Question of 'Culture'. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. See also review:

Kattel, Rainer. Review of Romanticism, Economics and the Question of Culture by Philip Connell, Human Nature Review, 4 (April 2004): 110-113.

George, François. “Forgetting Lenin,” Telos, no. 18, Winter 1973-74, pp. 53-88. (Quote above was adapted for cover of Radical Science Journal, no. 8, 1979; probably from there migrated to Robert M. Young’s treatise.)

Horkheimer, Max; Adorno, Theodore W. Dialectic of Enlightenment, translated by John Cumming (New York: Continuum, 1997), section on "Philosophy and the Division of Labor", pp. 242-244. (German original, 1944; English translation, 1972.)

Oizerman, Theodore. Dialectical Materialism and the History of Philosophy: Essays on the History of Philosophy. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1982.

Oizerman, T. I. The Main Trends in Philosophy: a Theoretical Analysis of the History of Philosophy. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1988.

Oizerman, Theodor. Problems of the History of Philosophy. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1973.

Oizerman, T. I.; Bogomolov, A. S. Principles of the Theory of the Historical Process in Philosophy. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1986. Contents.

Peterson, Richard T. Democratic Philosophy and the Politics of Knowledge. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996.

Rancière, Jacques. The Philosopher and his Poor; edited and with an introduction by Andrew Parker; translated by John Drury, Corinne Oster, and Andrew Parker. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2004.

Rattansi, Ali. Marx and the Division of Labour. London: The Macmillan Press Ltd., 1982. (Contemporary Social Theory)

Rée, Jonathan; Ayers, Michael; Westoby, Adam. Philosophy and its Past. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1978. (Philosophy Now)

Sayre, Patricia. “Philosophy as Profession,” in What Philosophy Is: Contemporary Philosophy in Action, edited by Havi Carel and David Gamez, with a foreword by Simon Blackburn (London; New York: Continuum, 2004), pp. 241-255.

Sohn-Rethel, Alfred. “Historical Materialist Theory of Knowledge,” Marxism Today, 1965.

Sohn-Rethel, Alfred. Intellectual and Manual Labor: A Critique of Epistemology. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1977.

Thomson, George. The First Philosophers: Studies in Ancient Greek Society. London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1972.

Walliman, Isidor. Estrangement: Marx's Conception of Human Nature and the Division of Labor. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1981. (Contributions in Philosophy; no. 16)

Whitehead, Fred; Muhrer, Verle, eds. Freethought on the American Frontier. Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 1992.


Intellectual and Manual Labor: Contents by Alfred Sohn-Rethel

Intellectual and Manual Labor: Extracts by Alfred Sohn-Rethel

Historical Materialist Theory of Knowledge by Alfred Sohn-Rethel

Science as Alienated Consciousness” by Alfred Sohn-Rethel (with Introductions)

The First Philosophers: Studies in Ancient Greek Society (Contents & Prefaces) by George Thomson

The First Philosophers: Studies in Ancient Greek Society: Chapter XIV: Being (§5 & 6) by George Thomson

The First Philosophers: Studies in Ancient Greek Society: Chapter XV: Materialism and Idealism by George Thomson

The First Philosophers: Studies in Ancient Greek Society: Chapter XVI: False Consciousness by George Thomson

The Thunderbolt, Interpenetration and Heraclitus” by David H. DeGrood

Book Review, Rudolf Wolfgang Müller, Geld und Geist by Pasi Falk

"Theories of Knowledge: A Dialectical, Historical Critique" by Howard L. Parsons

African Philosophy, Politics, and the Division of Labor

Albert Einstein on Intellectuals and the Masses, Specialization and the Division of Labor, and the Quality of Life

Alvin Gouldner on Intellectuals & the Social Totality

Alvin Gouldner on the New Class & the Culture of Critical Discourse

Antonio Gramsci, Organic Intellectuals, & the Division of Labor

C.L.R. James on the (Post)Modern Intellectual & the Division of Labor (1950)

C.L.R. James on Descartes & the Division of Labor

How to Integrate Philosophy and Everyday Life: To Think Philosophically in Life, Or Reproduce the Fragmentation of Knowledge?

Jeff Schmidt on Ideology and Professionals

How to Control Intellectual Segmentation by Anton C. Zijderveld

Philosophy and Critical Theory (Excerpt: Philosophy and Class Society) by Herbert Marcuse

One-Dimensional Man: Classical Philosophy, the Division of Labor, Abstraction & Practice by Herbert Marcuse

Max Horkheimer's Materialism: The Struggle with Traditional Theory, Science, Positivism, & Irrationalism

Max Horkheimer on the Duality of Scientism and Spiritualism in Bourgeois Society

T.W. Adorno on Kant, the Division of Labor & Restriction of Reason

Kant’s “Critique of Pure Reason”: Lecture 16 (14 July 1959): Society · ‘Block’ by Theodor W. Adorno

The Privilege of Experience by Theodor W. Adorno

Fantasy and Reason: Children's Literature in the Eighteenth Century by Geoffrey Summerfield
See Introduction & Chapter 1 for illustration.

The German Ideology After 150 Years

Quotable Quotes from The German Ideology by Marx & Engels

Science, Society, and Life: Extract from "Private Property and Communism" from the Economic-Philosophical Manuscripts of Karl Marx (1844)

Marx on Science, Religion, Historical Method

Karl Marx on automatons, machinery, capital & labor

Ralph Dumain: Antaŭparolo al Karlo Markso: La tiel nomata Fragmento pri maŝinoj (elgermanigita de Vilhelmo Lutermano) [in Esperanto]

"The Relationship Between Science and Morality (Philosophical Aspects)" by A. Arsenyev

"Objectivity & Partisanship in Science" by Aant Elzinga

"Theory and Ideology" by Alvin Gouldner

Alvin Gouldner: Notes & Commentary by R. Dumain

The Unknown Karl Marx by R. Dumain

"‘Philosophy’ and ‘Literature’: Relationships of Genres and the Frontiers of Thought" by R. Dumain

Audience/Reading Public, Professionalization/Specialization of Writers, Literary Forms, Division of Labor: Bibliography

Biographical and Psychological Dimensions of Philosophy: Selected Bibliography

Intellectual Life in Society, Conventional and Unconventional: A Bibliography in Progress, esp. sections Proletarian Philosophy & subsequent sections on philosophy

Descartes & Marxism: Selected Bibliography

Marx & Individualism Reconsidered: Selected Bibliography

The Philosophy of Theory and Practice: Selected Bibliography

Positivism vs Life Philosophy (Lebensphilosophie) Study Guide

(1/17/2005; rev. 3/6/2005, 6/27/1005, 6/30/2005, 8/5/2005, 9/21/2005, 3/14/2006, 12/25/06, 3/2/08, 3/16/08, 7/20/08, 5/8/09, 3/27/10, 4/18/10, 8/7/10, 8/15/10, 9/9/10, 9/13/10, 10/23/10, 9/6/11, 10/24/11, 6/4/13, 6/30/13, 12/27/14, 2/1/15, 3/5/20, 9/6/20, 2/1/22, 7/23/23, 10/8/23)

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Created (extracted from general bibliography)
17 January 2005
Last update 8 October 2023
Previous update 23 July 2023

©2005-2023 Ralph Dumain