Bibliography in Progress

Audience/Reading Public,
Professionalization/Specialization of Writers,
Literary Forms, Division of Labor

Compiled by Ralph Dumain


Altick, Richard Daniel. The English Common Reader: A Social History of the Mass Reading Public, 1800-1900; with a foreword by Jonathan Rose. 2nd ed. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1998 [orig. 1957].

Behrendt, Stephen C. "The Romantic Reader", in: A Companion to Romanticism, edited by Duncan Wu (Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publisher, 1998), pp. 91-100.

Behrendt, Stephen C., ed. Romanticism, Radicalism, and the Press. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1997.

Erickson, Lee. The Economy of Literary Form: English Literature and the Industrialization of Publishing, 1800-1850. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Jackson, H. J. Romantic Readers: The Evidence of Marginalia. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005. Table of contents. Publisher description.

Klancher, Jon P. The Making of English Reading Audiences, 1790-1832. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1987.

McCalman, Iain. Radical Underworld: Prophets, Revolutionaries, and Pornographers in London, 1795-1840. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Richardson, Alan. Literature, Education, and Romanticism: Reading as Social Practice, 1780-1832. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. (Cambridge Studies in Romanticism; 8)

Rogers, Pat. Literature and Popular Culture in Eighteenth Century England. Sussex: Harvester Press; Totowa, N.J.: Barnes & Noble, 1985.

Rowland, William G. Literature and the Marketplace: Romantic Writers and Their Audiences in Great Britain and the United States. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1996.

Shaaban, Bouthaina. "The Romantics in the Chartist Press", Keats-Shelley Journal, vol. 38, 1989, pp. 25-46.

Siskin, Clifford. The Work of Writing: Literature and Social Change in Britain, 1700-1830. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.

St. Clair, William. "The Political Economy of Reading." The John Coffin Memorial Lecture in the History of the Book, 2005.

St. Clair, William. The Reading Nation in the Romantic Period. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Vincent, David. Literacy and Popular Culture: England 1750-1914. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993. (Cambridge Studies in Oral and Literate Culture; n.19)

Watt, Ian. The Rise of the Novel: Studies in Defoe, Richardson and Fielding. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.

Webb, R.K.The British Working Class Reader, 1790-1848: Literacy and Social Tension. London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd., 1955.

Zimmerman, Sarah M. Romanticism, Lyricism, and History. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999.


Bolton, Betsy. Women, Nationalism, and the Romantic Stage: Theatre and Politics in Britain, 1780-1800. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Burroughs, Catherine, ed. Women in British Romantic Theatre: Drama, Performance, and Society, 1790-1840. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Contents. Chapter 1. Google books text online.

Richardson, Alan. A Mental Theater: Poetic Drama and Consciousness in the Romantic Age. University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1988.

Simpson, Michael. Closet Performances: Political Exhibition and Prohibition in the Dramas of Byron and Shelley. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1998.

Watkins, Daniel P. A Materialist Critique of English Romantic Drama. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, c1993. xiii, 246 p.


Cox, Stephen D. "Methods and Limitations," in Critical Paths: Blake and the Argument of Method, edited by Dan Miller, Mark Bracher, and Donald Ault (Durham; London: Duke University Press 1987), pp. 19-40. On audience: pp.35-36, 333 (note 30).

Dorfman, Deborah. Blake in the Nineteenth Century: His Reputation as a Poet from Gilchrist to Yeats. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1969. (Yale Studies in English; no. 170)

Easson, Roger R. "William Blake and His Reader in Jerusalem," in: Blake's Sublime Allegory: Essays on The Four Zoas, Milton, Jerusalem, edited by Stuart Curran & Joseph Anthony Wittreich, Jr. (Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1973), pp. 309-327.

Eaves, Morris. The Counter-Arts Conspiracy: Art and Industry in the Age of Blake. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992.

Eaves, Morris. Review: W.J.T. Mitchell, Blake's Composite Art: A Study of the Illuminated Poetry; The Wordsworth Circle, vol. X, no. 3, Summer 1979, pp. 275-278.

Eaves, Morris. "Romantic Expressive Theory and Blake's Idea of the Audience", PMLA 95, 1980, pp. 784-801.

Eaves, Morris. William Blake's Theory of Art. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1982.

Greenberg, Mark L. "Romantic Technology: Books, Printing, and Blake's Marriage of Heaven and Hell", in: Literature and Technology, ed. by Mark L. Greenberg & Lance Schachterle (Bethlehem: Lehigh University Press; London & Toronto: Associated University Presses, 1992 ), pp. 154-176.

Howard, John. "An Audience for The Marriage of Heaven and Hell", Blake Studies, vol. 3, no. 1, Fall 1980, pp. 19-52.

James, David E. "Blake's Laocoon: A Degree Zero of Literary Production", PMLA, vol. 98, no. 2, March 1983, pp. 226-236.

Mann, Paul. "Apocalypse and Recuperation: Blake and the Maw of Commerce", ELH [English Literary History], vol. 52, no. 1, Spring 1985, pp. 1-32.

Wittreich, Joseph Anthony, ed. Nineteenth Century Accounts of William Blake. Gainesville, FL: Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints, 1970.


Behrendt, Stephen C., ed. Shelley and his Audiences. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 1989.

Fraistat, Neil. "Illegitimate Shelley: Radical Piracy and the Textual Edition as Cultural Performance", PMLA, vol. 109, no. 3, May 1994, pp. 409-423.

Shaaban, Bouthaina. "The Romantics in the Chartist Press", Keats-Shelley Journal, vol. 38, 1989, pp. 25-46.

Shaaban, Bouthaina. "Shelley in the Chartist Press", Keats-ShelleyMemorial Bulletin, no. 34, 1983, pp. 41-60.

Shelley's Interventionist Poetry, 1819-1820, edited by Michael Scrivener, with essays by Samuel Gladden, Robert Kaufman, and Mark Kipperman, and localized responses by Steven E. Jones. Romantic Circles Praxis Series, May 2001.

Wheatley, Kim. Shelley and His Readers: Beyond Paranoid Politics. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1999.


Bennett, Andrew. Keats, Narrative and Audience: The Posthumous Life of Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. (Cambridge Studies in Romanticism; 6)


Backscheider, Paula R. Spectacular Politics: Theatrical Power and Mass Culture in Early Modern England. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Univesity Press, 1993.

Brown, Homer, Obed. Institutions of the English Novel: From Defoe to Scott. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997.

Carey, John. The Intellectuals and the Masses: Pride and Prejudice Among the Literary Intelligentsia, 1880-1939. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993.

See John Carey on James Joyce’s Leopold Bloom: For and Against the Masses.

Connell, Philip. Romanticism, Economics and the Question of 'Culture'. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. See also review:

Kattel, Rainer. Review of Romanticism, Economics and the Question of Culture by Philip Connell, Human Nature Review, 4 (April 2004): 110-113.

Gross, John. The Rise and Fall of the Man of Letters: English Literary Life Since 1800. 2nd ed. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1991.

Jordan, John O.; Patten, Robert L.; eds. Literature in the Marketplace: Nineteenth-Century British Publishing and Reading Practices. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Kiernan, V.G. "Labour and the Literate in Nineteenth-Century Britain", chapter 7 of Poets, Politics and the People, ed. Harvey J. Kaye (London; New York: Verso, 1989), pp. 152-177.

Klaus, H. Gustav. The Literature of Labour: Two Hundred Years of Working-Class Writing. Brighton: Harvester, 1985.

McAleer, Joseph. Popular Reading and Publishing in Britain, 1914-1950. Oxford [England]: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. (See review by Rose, below.)

Murphy, Paul Thomas. Towards a Working-Class Canon: Literary Criticism in British Working-Class Periodicals, 1816-1858. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1994.

Nevitt, Marcus. Women and the Pamphlet Culture of Revolutionary England,1640-1660. Aldershot, Hampshire, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2006.

Rose, Jonathan. Book Review: Popular Reading and Publishing in Britain: 1914-1950, by Joseph McAleer; History of Reading News, vol. XVII, no.1, Fall 1993, p. 3.

Rose, Jonathan. The Intellectual Life of the British Working Classes. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001, 2003.

Rose, Jonathan. "Intellectuals Among the Masses: Or, What Was Leonard Bast Really Like?" Biblion, vol. 2, no. 2, Spring 1994, pp. 3-18.

Rose, Jonathan. "Rereading the English Common Reader: A Preface to a History of Audiences", Journal of the History of Ideas, vol. 53, no. 1., Jan.-Mar., 1992, pp. 47-70.

Summerfield, Geoffrey. Fantasy and Reason: Children's Literature in the Eighteenth Century. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1985. See esp. Introduction (extract) & Chapter 1 & Chapter 7: "Apotheosis of the Chap-Book".

Vincent, David. Bread, Knowledge and Freedom: A Study of Nineteenth-Century Working Class Autobiography. London: Methuen, 1982.


Lyons, Martyn. Readers and Society in Nineteenth-Century France: Workers, Women, Peasants. New York: Palgrave. 2001. xi, 208 pp.

Lyons, Martyn. The Reading Experience of Worker-Autobiographers in 19th-Century Europe. Paper presented to International Congress of Historical Sciences, Oslo, 2000: Panel on The Social Practice of Reading & Writing. 32 pp.

Rubakin, Nicholas (Nikolai Aleksandrovich). �Reader Know Thyself,� in Nicholas Rubakin and Bibliopsychology, edited by Sylva Simsova, translated by M. Mackee and G. Peacock (Hamden, CT: Archon Books, 1968), pp. 47-53.

Scates, Bruce. '"Knowledge is Power": Radical Literary Culture and the Experience of Reading' [in Australia]. 29 Sept. 1998. Paper contributed to the Second History of the Book in Australia (HOBA) Conference, State Library of NSW, Sydney, 10-11 August 1996.


Darnton, Robert. The Business of Enlightenment: A Publishing History of the Encyclopédie, 1775-1800. Cambridge: Belknap Press, 1979.

Darnton, Robert. The Corpus of Clandestine Literature in France, 1769-1789. New York: W.W. Norton, 1995. (Companion volume to The Forbidden Best-Sellers of Pre-Revolutionary France.)

Darnton, Robert. The Forbidden Best-Sellers of Pre-Revolutionary France. New York: W.W. Norton, 1995.

Darnton, Robert. The Great Cat Massacre and Other Episodes in French Cultural History. New York: Basic Books, 1999. (Originally 1984.)

Darnton, Robert. Mesmerism and the End of the Enlightenment in France. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1968.

The French Book Trade in Enlightenment Europe, 1769-1794
Mapping the Trade of the Société Typographique de Neuchâtel


Eighteenth-Century English Labouring-Class Poets, 1700-1800. 3 vols. Gen. eds. John Goodridge and Simon Kövesi. Vol. 1. 1780-1800. Ed. Tim Burke. Vol. 2. 1700-1740. Ed. William Christmas. Vol. 3. 1740-1780. Ed. Bridget Keegan. London: Pickering and Chatto, 2003.

Janowitz, Anne. Lyric and Labour in the Romantic Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. (Cambridge Studies in Romanticism; no. 30)

Keegan, Bridget. "Lambs to the Slaughter: Leisure and Laboring-Class Poetry." Romanticism On the Net 27 (August 2002): 77 pars.

Maidment, Brian. The Poorhouse Fugitives: Self-taught Poets and Poetry in Victorian Britain. Manchester: Carcanet, 1987.

Scheckner, Peter, ed. An Anthology of Chartist Poetry: Poetry of the British Working Class, 1830s-1850s. Rutherford; London: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press / Associated University Presses, 1989.

Scrivener, Michael. Poetry and Reform: Periodical Verse from the English Democratic Press, 1792-1824. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1992.


Ziolkowski, Theodore. German Romanticism and its Institutions. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990.


Heine, Heinrich; Hermand, Jost; Holub, Robert C.; eds. The Romantic School and Other Essays. New York Continuum, 1985. (The German Library; no. 33)


Burns, Elizabeth and Tom, ed. Sociology of Literature and Drama; Selected Readings. Harmondsworth, UK; Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1973. (Essays relevant to several categories of this bibliography.)

Dumain, Ralph. The First Good Meta-Novel?: review of Macedonio Fernández, The Museum of Eterna's Novel (The First Good Novel), translated from the Spanish with an introduction by Margaret Schwartz, preface by Adam Thirlwell. Rochester, NY: Open Letter, 2010.

Hall, Edith; Stead, Henry. A People’s History of Classics: Class and Greco-Roman Antiquity in Britain. London; New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group, 2020.

Working Classics: Poems on Industrial Life, edited by Peter Oresick & Nicholas Coles. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1990.

(Updated 30 July 2001, 15 May 2002, 25 June 2002, 1 December 2002, 16 April 2003, 24 April 2003, 12 May 2003, 15 September 2003, 5 October 2003, 26 December 2003, 15 September 2004, 4 August 2005, 18 August 2005, 9 September 2005, 2 January 2006, 17 August 2007, 6 October 2007, 3 November 2007, 27 January 2009, 18 April 2010, 15 August 2010, 25 August 2010, 3 September 2010, 27 June 2012, 4 June 2013, 3 December 2013, 21 May 2014, 29 November 2018, 12 February 2019, 13 August 2023, 10 October 2023.)
Latest update replaces earlier versions.

Philosophy, Child-Rearing, Education, & Children's Literature
in the British Enlightenment:
Selected Bibliography

Intellectual Life in Society, Conventional and Unconventional, & Related Topics:
A Bibliography in Progress

William Blake Study Guide

Frankenstein at 200: A Very Selective Bibliographic & Web Guide

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