“Development of Western science is based on two great achievements: the invention of the formal logical system (in Euclidean geometry) by the Greek philosophers, and the discovery of the possibility to find out causal relationships by systematic experiment (during the Renaissance). In my opinion one has not to be astonished that the Chinese sages have not made those steps. The astonishing thing is that those discoveries were made at all.”

 — Letter to J.S. Switzer, April 23, 1953; Einstein Archive 61-381

Permission granted by the Albert Einstein Archives, The Jewish National & University Library, The Hebrew University Jerusalem, Israel.

(Note: Use of quotations by Einstein (regardless of source) in a publication requires permission from The Albert Einstein Archives (

A Personal Tribute to Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 - 18 April 1955)

"Einstein Revisited" by Ralph Dumain

Albert Einstein on the Limits of Scientific Description

"Zu Spinozas Ethik" (On Spinoza's Ethics) — poem by Albert Einstein

Kial la civilizacio ne bankrotos
de Albert Einstein, trad. el la angla C. Rosen

Letter from Albert Einstein to Emanuel Fried

Albert Einstein and Black Americans

Albert Einstein on Intellectuals and the Masses,
Specialization and the Division of Labor, and the Quality of Life

Book Review: Barnett's 'Universe'


Einstein: Nov 15, 2002 - August 10, 2003, American Museum of Natural History, New York

The Albert Einstein Archives

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