Future Perfect:
American Science Fiction of the Nineteenth Century:
An Anthology

compiled by H. Bruce Franklin

Revised and expanded ed.
New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1995.



Introduction 1

Hawthorne and Poe

Nathaniel Hawthorne and Science Fiction  7
      [all stories in Tales by Nathaniel Hawthorne, edited by Carl Van Doren]
The Birthmark  [1843]     23
The Artist of the Beautiful  [1844]     39
Rappaccini’s Daughter  [1844]    61

Edgar Allan Poe and Science Fiction  87
A Tale of the Ragged Mountains   [1844]    96 
The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar   [1845]    106 
Mellonta Tauta   [1849]    115 

Explorations

AUTOMATA  131

Herman Melville and Science Fiction  134
The Bell-Tower   [1855]    140  

Humans as Machines  154
“Dr. Materialismus” [1890] by Frederic Jesup Stimson [J. S. of Dale]156
      [excerpts on this site: Dr. Materialismus
      [complete story: In the Three Zones. New York: Charles Scribner, 1893.]

MARVELOUS INVENTIONS  173

The Atoms of Chladni” [1860] by J. D. Whelpley  175 [Subscribers only]

MEDICINE MEN  202

Jack London and Science Fiction  204
A Thousand Deaths  [1899]    211      LibriVox audiobook
      [A Thousand Deaths (London short story) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia]

INTO THE PSYCHE  220

Thomas Wentworth Higginson and His Dreamer  223
The Monarch of Dreams  [1886]   226 

Ambrose Bierce and Science Fiction  240
A Psychological Shipwreck  [1879]   242 

SPACE TRAVEL  246

Washington Irving and Science Fiction  249
The Men of the Moon  [1809]    251   [in Knickerbocker’s History of New York]

Edward Bellamy and Science Fiction  255
The Blindman’s World  [1886]    261  

Fitz-James O’Brien and Science Fiction 277
The Diamond Lens  [1858]   285  

Dimensional Speculation as Science Fiction  307
Four-Dimensional Space  309  [in Nature, 26 March 1885]   Abstract
From “Four-Dimensional Space” [1896] by Arthur E. Bostwick  311
       [in The New Science Review. A Miscellany of Modern Thought, vol. 2 (1895-1896), pp. 146-52]

WOMEN’S WORK  312

From Man’s Rights; Or, How Would You Like It? [1870] by Annie Denton Cridge 317 
From Mizora: A Prophecy [1890] by Mary E. Bradley Lane  337  

TIME TRAVEL  360

Beyond the Past  362
Christmas 200,000 B.C. [1887] by Stanley Waterloo  365 

Mark Twain and Science Fiction  370
From the London Times of 1904  [1898]    376     [Introduction in Open Culture]

The Perfect Future  386
In the Year Ten Thousand” [1892] by William Harben  389



SOURCE: Future Perfect: American Science Fiction of the Nineteenth Century: An Anthology, compiled by H. Bruce Franklin. Revised and expanded ed. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1995. 395 pp.


Dr. Materialismus (quotes & synopsis) by Frederic Jesup Stimson

Beyond Deduction and Induction: Towards Perfect Truth According to Edgar Allan Poe

George Cary Eggleston on Science Fiction & Jules Verne (1874)

Dreamed Life by Mark Twain

Edward Page Mitchell (1852-1927), Science Fiction Pioneer: Time Travel, Hegel, and More

Science Fiction & Utopia Research Resources: A Selective Work in Progress


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