Compiled by Ralph Dumain


Abelard and Heloise, or the Writer and the Human: A Series of Humorous Philosophical Aphorisms (1834), translated and with an introduction by Eric v.d. Luft, foreword by Angela Moreira. North Syracuse, NY: Gegensatz Press, 2012.

The Essence of Christianity, translated by George Eliot, introduction by Karl Barth, foreword by H. Richard Niebuhr. New York: Harper & Row, 1957.

See also PDF file of text, with a Foreword by Rachel V Kohout Lawrence, 2008.

The Essence of Faith According to Luther, translated by Melvin Cherno. New York: Harper & Row, 1967. (The Library of Religion and Culture)

The Essence of Religion, translated by Alexander Loos. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2004. (Originally published: New York: Asa K. Butts, 1873.) (Also available via Bank of Wisdom on CD: #2 - An Introduction to Freethought.)

The Fiery Brook: Selected Writings of Ludwig Feuerbach, translated by Zawar Hanfi. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, 1972.

Towards a Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy
Introduction to the Essence of Christianity
On “The Beginning of Philosophy”
The Necessity of a Reform of Philosophy

Preliminary Theses on the Reform of Philosophy
Principles of the Philosophy of the Future
Preface to the Second Edition of Essence of Christianity
Fragments Concerning the Characteristics of My Philosophical Development

Lectures on the Essence of Religion, translated by Ralph Manheim. New York: Harper & Row, 1967. (See Lectures I & XXX offsite, Lecture 1 (Part II), Lecture 2 and more on this site.)

Ludwig Feuerbach -- Lectures on the Essence of Religion. lecture 1, pt 1 (YouTube audio)

Ludwig Feuerbach -- Lectures on the Essence of Religion. lecture 1, pt 2 (YouTube audio)

Principles of the Philosophy of the Future, translated by Manfred H. Vogel, introduction by Thomas E. Wartenberg. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, 1986. (See also online version taken from The Fiery Brook.)

Thoughts on Death and Immortality, translated by James A. Massey. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.

(Marxists Internet Archive)

Letter To Hegel, 22 November 1828
Towards a Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy, 1839
The Essence of Christianity, 1841
The Philosophy of the Future, 1843
Lectures on the Essence of Religion, 1851
Etching of Feuerbach


Caldwell, Peter C. Love, Death, and Revolution in Central Europe: Ludwig Feuerbach, Moses Hess, Louise Dittmar, Richard Wagner. New York, NY : Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. Contents. Publisher description.

Chamberlain, William B. Heaven Wasn't His Destination: The Philosophy of Ludwig Feuerbach. New York: W.W. Norton & Comany Inc., 1941.

De Lubac, Henri. The Drama of Atheist Humanism. Cleveland: Meridian Books (The World Publishing Company), 1963.

Engels, Friedrich. Ludwig Feuerbach and the Outcome of Classical German Philosophy. New York: International Publishers, 1941.

Flanagan, Christy L. The Paradox of Feuerbach: Luther and Religious Naturalism. PhD Dissertation, Dept. of Religion, Florida State University, 2009.

Gregory, Frederick. Scientific Materialism in Nineteenth Century Germany. Dordrecht, Holland; Boston: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1977. (Studies in the History of Modern Science; 1)

See also audio lecture series “History of Science: 1700–1900,” The Great Courses, no. 1210; e.g. lectures #23 (for Büchner), 24, 31 (for Vogt).

Human Society and the Struggle for Existence - YouMicro - Simply Audio Files (on Spencer's evolutionism vs Ludwig Büchner's "Bible of scientific materialism")

Scientific Materialism at Mid-Century - YouMicro - Simply Audio Files (on Vogt)

Harvey, Van A. Feuerbach and the Interpretation of Religion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997. (Cambridge Studies in Religion and Critical Thought; 1) (This is the latest and most important study of Feuerbach's views on religion in English.)

Johnston, Larry. Between Transcendence and Nihilism: Species-ontology in the Philosophy of Ludwig Feuerbach. New York : P. Lang, 1995. (Studies in European thought, 1043-5786 ; vol. 12)

Kamenka, Eugene. The Philosophy of Ludwig Feuerbach. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1970. (The second English-language general study of Feuerbach to read.)

McLaughlin, Paul. Mikhail Bakunin: The Philosophical Basis of His Anarchism. New York: Algora Publishing, 2002. See esp. extracts: Bakunin and Feuerbach: On Religion, Philosophy, & Naturalism.

Wartofsky, Marx W. Feuerbach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982. (This is the number one book to read in English.)

Wilson, Charles A. Feuerbach and the Search for Otherness. New York : P. Lang, 1989. (American university studies. Series V, Philosophy ; vol. 76)


"Feuerbach, Marx and the Left Hegelians", special issue co-edited by Hans-Martin Sass, of The Philosophical Forum, vol. 8., Nos. 2-4, 1978.

Includes previously untranslated and unpublished documents by Feuerbach: "My Starting Point in Philosophy", "Loyalty Oaths", "Letter to Bertha", "The Essence of Christianity in Relation to The Ego and Its Own"; plus two articles about Feuerbach by Fredrick M. Gordon.


Barnhart, J. E. "Anthropological Nature in Feuerbach and Marx", Philosophy Today, 1967; 11: 265-275.

Bishop, Paul. "'Elementary Aesthetics', Hedonist Ethics: The Philosophical Foundations of Feuerbach's Late Works." History of European Ideas, vol. 34, no. 3, 2008, pp. 298-309.

Bishop, Paul. "Eudaimonism, Hedonism and Feuerbach's Philosophy of the Future," Intellectual History Review, vol. 19, no. 1, 2009, pp. 65-81.

Cherno, Melvin. "Feuerbach's 'Man Is What He Eats': A Rectification", Journal of the History of Ideas, 1963; 24: 397-406.

Christensen, Kit R. "Individuation and Commonality in Feuerbach's "Philosophy of Man", Interpretation: A Journal of Political Philosophy, 1985; 13: 335-357.

Dahlstrom, Daniel. "Marxist Ideology and Feuerbach's Critique of Hegel", Philosophical Forum, 1984; 15: 234-248.

Duquette, David A. "From Disciple to Antagonist: Feuerbach's Critique of Hegel", Philosophy and Theology, 1988; 3: 183-199.

Elez, I. "Ludwig Feuerbach and Our Times", Soviet Studies in Philosophy, 1973; 12: 3-16.

Fiorenza, Francis Schuessler. "Feuerbach's Interpretation of Religion and Christianity", Philosophical Forum, 1979; 11: 161-181.

Gagern, Michael. "The Puzzling Pattern of the Marxist Critique of Feuerbach", Studies in Soviet Thought, 1971; 11: 135-158.

Glasse, John. "Why Did Feuerbach Concern Himself with Luther?", Revue Internationale de Philosophie, 1972; 26: 364-385.

Gregory, Frederick.. "Scientific versus Dialectical Materialism: A Clash of Ideologies in Nineteenth-Century German Radicalism." Isis, vol. 68, no. 2, June 1977, pp. 206-23.

Harvey, Van A. “Feuerbach: Love & Atheism,” Philosophy Now, July-August 2011.

Harvey, Van A. Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach, in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Oct. 3, 2003; substantive revision July 31, 2007.

Hymers, John. "Feuerbach's Anthropological Appropriation of the Ontological Argument in the Essence of Christianity."

Ilyenkov, E. V. Dialectical Logic, Essays on its History and Theory (1974), translated by H. Campbell Creighton. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1977. 6: Feuerbach – Once More about the Principle of Constructing a Logic: Idealism or Materialism?.

Lenin, V. I. “Conspectus of Feuerbach’s Book Exposition, Analysis and Critique of the Philosophy of Leibnitz” (1914), translated by Clemence Dutt, in Collected Works, 4th edition, Volume 38, (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1976), pp. 375-387.

Lenin, V. I. “Conspectus of Feuerbach’s Book Lectures on the Essence of Religion” (1909), translated by Clemence Dutt, in Collected Works, 4th edition, Volume 38, (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1976), pp. 61-83.

Lowith, Karl. "Mediation and Immediacy in Hegel, Marx, and Feuerbach", in: New Studies in Hegel's Philosophy, ed. Warren E. Steinkraus (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., 1971), pp.119-141.

Lukács, Georg. “On The Fiftieth Anniversary of Feuerbach’s Death,” in Reviews and Articles from Die rote Fahne, translated by Peter Palmer (London: The Merlin Press, 1983), pp. 56-58.

Michaud, Derek, ed. Ludwig Feuerbach (1804-1872), in Boston Collaborative Encyclopedia of Western Theology.

Mitiushin, A.A. "Feuerbach's Philosophy of Man and the Problem of Subject's Activity", Soviet Studies in Philosophy, 1973; 12: 18-30.

Rotenstreich, Nathan. "Anthropology and Sensibility", Revue Internationale de Philosophie, 1972; 26: 336-344.

Stepelevich, Lawrence S. "Max Stirner and Ludwig Feuerbach", Journal of the History of Ideas, 1978; 39: 451-463.

Williams, Howard L. "Feuerbach and Hegel", Idealistic Studies, 1978; 8: 136-156.


Ludwig Feuerbach: Select Bibliography by Thomas Pfau

(9 May 2000, rev. 14 June 2000, image added 24 Feb. 2002; rev. 8 September 2002, 27 October 2004, 26 January 2006, 13 August 2006, 26 October 2007, 1 November 2007, 10 June 2008, 23 December 2007, 27 December 2010, 25 & 28 January 2012, 4-5 February 2012; 8, 17, 20 March 2012, 30 July 2012, 30 March 2015, 20 May 2018)

Ludwig Feuerbach Bicennential
28 July 1804 - 13 September 1872

German commemorative stamp

On this site:

Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach Gallery

Lectures on the Essence of Religion: Contents
by Ludwig Feuerbach

Lectures on the Essence of Religion: #1 (Part II)
by Ludwig Feuerbach

Lectures on the Essence of Religion: #2
by Ludwig Feuerbach

Lectures on the Essence of Religion #3
by Ludwig Feuerbach

Lectures on the Essence of Religion #4
by Ludwig Feuerbach

Lectures on the Essence of Religion: #11
by Ludwig Feuerbach

Lectures on the Essence of Religion: Excerpts from Lectures 4-13
by Ludwig Feuerbach

Lectures on the Essence of Religion: #15 (Excerpt)
by Ludwig Feuerbach

Letter to Ludwig Feuerbach from Ottilie Assing about Frederick Douglass

Home of Frederick Douglass, Cedar Hill, Washington, DC: Library:
Busts of David Friedrich Strauss & Ludwig Feuerbach

Sigmund Freud on Ludwig Feuerbach

The Two Epochs of Bourgeois Materialism: On Moleschott’s Centenary” by Georg Lukács

Blake and Feuerbach: An Odd Couple?
by R. Dumain

The Young Hegelians: Selected Bibliography

Marx and Marxism Web Guide

Historical Surveys of Atheism, Freethought, Rationalism, Skepticism, and Materialism: Selected Works

Atheism / Freethought / Humanism / Rationalism / Skepticism / Unbelief / Secularism / Church-State Separation Web Links

On other sites:

Ludwig Feuerbach @ Reason & Society

Ludwig Feuerbach: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ludwig Feuerbach Archive

Homo Homini Deus – Commemorating the 200th Anniversary of the Birth of Ludwig Feuerbach, Philosopher and Critic of Religion

Ludwig-Feuerbach-Gesellschaft Nürnberg e.V.

Feuerbach International
[via Wayback Machine]

Ludwig Feuerbach Congress, Berlin, October 2004
[via Wayback Machine]

Feuerbach Symposium - Agenda

Quotes from Feuerbach

Some YouTube videos/audios:

On Fleas and Faith adapted from Feuerbach

Ludwig Feuerbach QUOTES

Ludwig Feuerbach: Religion as Illusion Part 1
(Part 1 of 6; from The Essence of Christianity)

Feuerbach - Master of Suspicion

Feuerbach: A Brief History

Ludwig Feuerbach Humanities 3
A “Jeopardy" game

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Uploaded 9 May 2000
Last update 18 February 2019
Previous update 31 January 2019

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